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United Nations Foundation

The Global Island Partnership (GLISPA)

Mission: Mobilising Island Leadership and Action for Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods

Background
Cousin Island The Global Island Partnership was launched at the Eighth Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity (COP8-CBD) in Brazil, March 2006. The initiative aims to conserve the world's unique island biodiversity, significantly reduce the rate of biodiversity loss and advance sustainable livelihoods on islands through a global island partnership that; builds political, technical and financial support; rapidly shares skills, information and resources; and accelerates on-the-ground action.

Island leaders, conservation organisations and donor agencies are working together to develop the partnership, building on existing networks, institutions and initiatives to:

  • Identify and support island leaders championing conservation and sustainable livelihood initiatives
  • Utilise international events to recognise island leadership
  • Stimulate strategic partnerships between governments and civil society to implement these initiatives and strengthen local long-term conservation capacity
  • Engage donors to improve access and provide significant new public and private financial resources for island conservation
  • Facilitate learning exchanges, networks and information sharing across islands to address urgent needs
  • Establish a mechanism for better collaboration among islands nations and nations with islands

More than 40 countries and organisations are working together to highlight the importance of island biodiversity and a number of innovative island partnerships are already in place or under development. Here are two examples that highlight commitments made by island nations across the globe:

The Micronesia Challenge
In 2005 the President of Palau issued a challenge to Micronesian Nations to effectively conserve 30% of marine resources and 20% terrestrial resources by 2020. In partnership with Conservation International and The Nature Conservancy, funds are being raised to support these nations in meeting their challenge goal.

The Caribbean Challenge
Following on from the initial success of the Micronesia Challenge, Granada has committed to protecting 25% of both terrestrial and marine resources by 2020, adding to a previous pledge for the protection and management of 20% of marine resources by the Bahamas. TNC are working to build on this momentum and work with partners to spur a region wide Caribbean challenge, to effectively conserve, at a minimum, 20% of the Caribbean's marine and terrestrial habitat by 2020.

The Coral Triangle Initiative
The Coral Triangle is an expanse of ocean covering an area of 2.3 million square miles (5.7 million km2). This area is the epicenter of marine life abundance and diversity on the planet, containing more than 600 coral species (more than 75% of all known coral species), 53% of the world's coral reefs, 3,000 fish species, and the greatest extent of mangrove forests of any region. The six countries of the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) which consists of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste, came together to agree on a plan of action to address the threats the regions marine biodiversity faces, and ensure the long-term sustainability of the Coral Triangle's marine resources.

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