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For detailed monitoring, Underwater fish surveys should be conducted.?Uprooting or defoliation of in situ seagrasses in sample units.LLive corals in growth position, but physically fragmented, cracked or broken)Quantitative Levels and cross-comparisons C) 6pt. Area Timed swimVirtual' transect2 minute intervals5*10+50 kicks/secs local methodTotal dist. CoveredScars/exfoliationPresentLowMedium31-50Common51-75High76-100Extreme11-30Absent A) Pres/Abs. B) Low/high1-10RBRubble piling/movedRubble on surfaceDebris-litter (plastics/text)Debris-veget/seagrassBenthicRKC-SRKC-UThick turf/fleshy algaeTAG6pt/3ptLLive coral that survived the tsunami. Estimate area as proportion of bottom.S;Datasheets - variables, codes and explanation. January 2005Write the main coral lifeform types from the standard list below (table 3). A - Acropora; TS - Table/staghorn Acropora; B - Branching; E - Encrusting; M - Massive/submassive; F - Foliose/plate/laminar; S - Soft coral; WF - Sea whip/sea fan.MXnvFilamentous algae (e.g. Enteromorpha) - very fine filanents, grow within 3-4 weeks due to high nutrients. This may not be observable any more from tsunami, but may occur due to latent nutrients in silt.$List coral life forms most damaged, in all of the damage categories listed below (table 3). A - Acropora; TS - Table/staghorn Acropora; B - Branching; E - Encrusting; M - Massive/submassive; F - Foliose/plate/laminar; S - Soft coral; WF - Sea whip/sea fan]h~`Loose rocks (framework, or dead corals) of a small size (approximately 50 cm diameter and less)iLoose rocks (framework, or dead corals) of a medium size (between approximately 50 cm and 1 m diameter)sLarge boulders (framework, or dead corals) moved over the reef surface, of approximately 1 m diameter and larger)ALoose debris - vegetation; from trees, mangroves, seagrass, etc.ELoose debris from land - litter and rubbish, plastics, textiles, etc.LCoral diseases, potentially enhanced by microbial fauna in terrestrial silt. Recently killed coral - upturnedCoral life forms - damaged&Rubble piling/movement by strong waves"Silt smothering live coral surface!Silt on reef surface/sand pocketsCLFCLF-DR<50R>50SCRSCRcmCRCKSILCDBVDBLCDLayed transectcodeLive hard coralUp-turned coral Broken coralRecently killed coralslope erosionRubbleLitterSeagrass reductionMangrove debrisBackreef/lagoon,mangrove debris transported to sample areas.3pt/text]Silt smothering live coral surfaces. May become chronic due to silt stored in reef sediments.BLDBoulders > 1mOverall damage to coralsp.a Volunteer Experienced Damage-WavesDamage-Backwash IndicatorNOTESA - Acropora; TS - Table/staghorn Acropora; B - Branching; E - Encrusting; M - Massive/submassive; F - Foliose/plate/laminar; S - Soft; WF - whip/fanCoral growth forms:Thick algal turf and fleshy algae, maybe developing from filamentous algal bloom after tsunami. May be prevalent where nutrients are increased and/or fish populations are depleted.3pt/p.aRock/bare surfaceRC^Old coral rock and pebbles in natural position with covering of algal turf and coralline algaeDamage-coralsCDAMtEstimate the proportion of the coral community affected/damaged by the tsunami. Include dead coral in this estimate.=Live corals, but broken and overturned or lying on the bottomYes ___Inside embayment -Along a headland -Against rocky cliffs -Shallow gently-shelving slopeOuter protective reef/bank?Against sandy beach?Any other comments:Mangrove forests present?Nipah forests present?Seagrass beds present?ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS TO SITESewage pollution (land or boat)Commercial fishing (for sale)!Artisanal/recreational (personal)How many yachts typically?Sitesheet name/code:Other datasheets for this site:2Indicators of impacts from backwash on coral reefsBenthic cover indicators ;Indicators of impacts from breaking tsunami on coral reefs 1Indicators of impacts on seagrasses and mangroves Sheet code:Loose rocks <50Loose rocks >50 Site name: BASIC INFORMATION Country:State/Province:Town:Date: Time: Start of survey:End: Hard coral that has clearly died recently. The skeleton will appear a dirty white, with sediment and/or algal filaments. Estimate as proportion of LIVE CORAL identified in previous indicatortextat 3m: ______Cat 10m: _______C Distance from shore (m):from nearest river (km):River mouth width:  <10 m2Maximum depth of scars observed in the sample unitcmGCracks in the reef framework caused by wave forces/battering with rocksJSilt smothering reef surfaces and/or collected in sand pockets and drifts.fLoose debris from land - stone, metal and solid items, e.g. from buildings, appliances, vehicles, etc.Recreational fishingTEAM INFORMATION Submitted byRegional Coordinator: Team Leader:Team Scientist:Team Members: =Rock framework of the reef, including with a thin algal turf.UPCCRECRFCoral Reef FishBCCLCCRKCLSGLoose seagrassRBP/MFAGFilamentous algaeLTTDBSSITSilt SGDBMGMajor coral damaging storms Yes: If yes, When was last storm:Overall anthropogenic impactNone:Low:Med:High:Is siltation a problemNever:Others (specify)AIMS FVSCoral Reef InvertebratesCoral Reef ConditionPost-Tsunami ProtocolPost-Disaster Assessment%Physico-Chemical Parameters (specify)Othes (specify)Invertebrate/shell collectingOther (specify) PROTECTIONDATA TYPES COLLECTEDOTHER COMMENTSCrestZone of Reef:0Zone of Reef: Backreef/lagoonSampling method Manta TowNone Explanationy/Recently dead coral tissue, in growth position.,Recently killed corals, upturned and toppledOverall damage to substrateSDAMIEstimate the proportion of the substrate affected/damaged by the tsunami.slope erosion.KErosion of reef slopes caused by slumping of rubble from reef zones above.UMovement of old and new rubble by waves, distinguished by piles and drifts of rubble.Distance from tourist resortsDistance from dive centers Any protection (legal or other):No: Coral reef fishCOASTAL FEATURES AND MORPHOLOGY]Site features that might affect tsunami waves. Select yes/no and describe important features.No ___ Depth (m):Date recorded by:Segment 1 (1-20m)Segment 2 (25-45m)Segment 3 (50-70m)Segment 4 (75-95m)5m10m25m35m50m60m75m85mOtherIndustrial pollutionLive food fish trade Few (1-2): Med (3-5): Many (>5):Other impacts:COASTAL DEVELOPMENTDistance from population centerkmHIs any damage visible at the site from each type of coastal development?!Size of population center (x1000) --> YesCracksScar depth cmDebris-stone/solidCoral diseaseOccasionally:Often:Always:Blast fishingPoison fishingTourist diving/snorkeling:Distance from airportsDistance from minesOverall damageRKC - standingRKC - upturnedOverall damage-REEFDamage to Substrate-WavesDamage to Substrate-BackwashData recorded by:QUANTITATIVE LEVEL (A/B/C)Latitude (deg. min. sec):  Longitude (deg. min. sec): /From chart or by GPS? (If GPS, indicate units): chart_____GPS_____ GPS units: ____________Orientation of transects:N-S_____E-W_____ NE-SW_____ SE-NW_____Temperature (in degrees C): air: ______Csurface: ______C Reef flatSlopeAdditional information/notes:Is this site:Always sheltered: Sometimes:Exposed:11-50 m 51-100 m 101-500 m Weather: sunnycloudyraining Visibility (m) : <NoWhy is this site selected: !Is this best reef in the area? Yes: No : Disturbed ? Reef CheckAIMS LITCoral Reef Benthos Recently killed coral/dead coralCoral life forms, alive Recently killed coral - standingDebris (rock, wood etc)mIf yes, answer questions belowIs protection enforced?Any poaching in protected area?High )Check which activities below are banned: Spearfishing AnchoringCommercial fishingDivingJ:+ >---.[ /3&5 ^50 5 a63 !7 8::;<L=>]?@o@&AAx8B BvCHDFFTFQG#HHoIAJJgKKK#LLccf  JO!]uhj dMbP?_*+%RO&CISRS/ICRI Tsunami Assessment - Site sheet.&R&"Arial,Italic"V. 1. 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